White House defends al-Qaida capture in Libya as US ponders legal options
时间：2019-11-16 责任编辑：叶篌唷 来源：澳门赌博网址导航 点击：290 次
The Obama administration strongly defended its , but said on Monday that officials had yet to decide what form of legal process he will face.
, indicted by the US 13 years ago for his role in embassy bombings that killed more than 220 people, is in the brig of a US navy ship somewhere in the Mediterranean, waiting to learn if he will be tried in the New York federal court that indicted him, or face a military commission.
Liby, , was seized as he parked his car in Tripoli on Saturday, in a raid condemned as a "kidnapping" by the Libyan government.
US administration officials would not provide any timeline for the legal process relating to Liby's detention. The last known time the administration detained a terrorist suspect aboard a navy ship, it did so for over two months before handing that suspect to a federal court in New York. Some administration officials expect Liby will undergo a similar process.
, the secretary of state, called Liby a "legal and appropriate target" for the US, while suggesting that Liby will receive justice in a civilian court.
"I hope the perception is in the world that people who commit acts of terror and who have been appropriately indicted by courts of law, by the legal process, will know that United States of America is going to do anything in its power that is legal and appropriate in order to enforce the law and to protect our security," Kerry said, during an economic conference in Indonesia.
Liby, whose real name is Nazih Abdul-Hamed al-Ruqai, "will now have an opportunity to defend himself and to be appropriately brought to justice in a court of law," Kerry said.
The has yet to determine what sort of court it will provide for Liby to face those charges, although some administration officials expect he will receive a civilian trial. Nor is it clear how long Liby will remain aboard the ship – reportedly the landing transport dock USS San Antonio – where he is certain to be interrogated.
"As far as future venues for Liby, we will have to let that process play out," said Paul Breeson, a spokesman for the FBI.
At the White House, National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said the Justice Department and Defense Department will jointly decide whether Liby faces prosecution in a federal court or before a military tribunal.
"Determining when and where to prosecute individuals is a traditional and important executive branch authority that has long been exercised on a case-by-case basis, taking into account all relevant factors – such decisions are not made arbitrarily," Hayden said.
Several media organizations have reported that Liby will be brought into federal custody for a civilian trial. But over the weekend, several Defense Department officials said they had no information about next steps for Liby beyond his unexpected stay aboard a navy ship.
The Pentagon's spokesman for detention matters, army lieutenant colonel Todd Breasseale, ruled out detaining Liby at Guantánamo Bay. "The president has repeatedly been very clear on this issue: he will not add to the population at the detention center at Guantánamo Bay," Breasseale said. "We remain committed to its closure. There are no timelines associated with the actions from this weekend."
A member of the House intelligence committee, Adam Schiff of California, urged the administration to try Liby before a federal court. "I support a civilian prosecution and hope that the administration will resist any call to bring Liby before a military commission," Schiff said in a statement on Monday.
"The Justice Department has demonstrated a far greater ability to successfully prosecute terrorists in federal courts than the military commissions have thus far been able to show. Nothing must be done to compromise the public safety, the ability of Justice Department prosecutors to seek justice for the victims of the east Africa bombings, or our constitutional principles."
Confirming the capture on Sunday, defense secretary Chuck Hagel said the operation, along with a near simultaneous special operations raid in Somalia, demonstrated "the unparalleled precision, global reach, and capabilities of the United States military".
"As a result of the operation, one of the world's most wanted terrorists was captured and is now in US custody," Hagel said.
The Obama administration would not comment on whether the High-Level Detainee Interrogation Group, an FBI-led effort created in 2009 for humanely interrogating top terrorist captives, is participating in the Liby interrogation, as is likely.
Libya's government refused to say whether its forces were involved in the arrest and claimed it had not been informed in advance. A statement from the prime minister, Ali Zaidan, said: "The Libyan government is following the news of the kidnapping of a Libyan citizen who is wanted by US authorities. The Libyan government has contacted US authorities to ask them to provide an explanation."
A group of Libyan Islamic extremists vowed to avenge Liby's capture. In a statement posted on a militant website on Monday, The Revolutionaries of Benghazi, al-Bayda and Darna denounced the kidnapping, saying: "This shameful act will cost the Libyan government a lot."
The cities of Benghazi, Bayda and Darna are strongholds of Islamic extremists who are carrying out political assassinations, targeting political activists, judges and members of security agencies. "We owe it to God to fight whoever betrayed his country and involved in this conspiracy," the group said.
The Liby capture is shaping up as a test of whether the Obama administration is re-emphasizing the capture of terrorist suspects, risky missions that have been relatively rare during the past five years, and shifting away from what it calls "targeted killing" operations, usually involving armed drones. It is also looking like a test of a related issue: whether the Obama administration is recommitting to civilian courts for trying terrorist suspects that it captures in the future.
A likely prologue for Liby's case came in April 2011, when US special operations forces captured Ahmed Abdulkadir Warsame off the Somali coast. He was kept in the brig of the USS Boxer for nearly three months of interrogation before the navy took him to the Southern District of New York to face terrorism charges.
The Associated Press contributed to this report